Botanical Name: Heteromeles arbutifolia Add
Common Name: Toyon  
Plant photo of: Heteromeles arbutifolia
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California Native Plant
  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Tree, Shrub


Height Range

6-12', 12-25'


Flower Color



Flower Season

Spring, Summer


Leaf Color

Dark Green


Bark Color



Fruit Color



Fruit Season

Winter, Fall


Full, Half



Very Low


Growth Rate



Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular


Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained


Soil pH



Adverse Factors


Design Styles

Ranch, Seascape, Spanish


Accenting Features



Seasonal Interest

Winter, Summer, Fall


Location Uses

Background, Foundation, Patio


Special Uses

Erosion Control, Hedge, Screen, Wind Break, Fire Resistant, Naturalizing, Small Spaces


Attracts Wildlife

Birds, Hummingbirds

Information by: Jerry Sortomme Editor
Photographer: West/Normans/Frommer
  • Description

  • Notes

Toyon is a California native evergreen shrub that grows 8'-15' high and spreading 2'-3'. It has leathery toothed leaves, white summer flowers and clusters of red winter berries. It tolerates full sun or partial shade, heat, smog, wind and heavy or light soils. It is drought tolerant, attracts beneficial insects and hummingbirds.
Planting: 1. Dig a hole 1" less the depth and 2 times the width of the container. 2. Fill hole with water, let soak. 3. Set root ball in hole. 4. Fill hole halfway with native soil and water. 5. Finish back filling hole, build basin and water.